Compendium and Comparison: Austria and Moldova
The goal of the project "Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration of Minors and Young Adults from Moldova with emphasis on the Prevention of (Re-) Trafficking" (AVRR CT Moldova) is to assist and protect minor and young adult Moldovan trafficked persons and vulnerable individuals who return to Moldova from Austria and to contribute to preventing them from being (re-)trafficked.
Within the framework of this project, a compendium and comparison was drafted on Austrian and Moldovan actors and mechanisms in the areas of counter-trafficking and assisted voluntary return and reintegration of trafficked and vulnerable migrants.
The purpose of this compendium and comparison is to provide a tool for involved stakeholders that presents a brief overview of the status quo in both countries and gives ideas for potential areas where cooperation could be increased. By providing a basis that stakeholders can build upon, the document should specifically assist members of the study visit delegation to prepare themselves for meetings with foreign stakeholders and discussions on further modes of cooperation.
The project runs from 15 June 2012 to 31 December 2013 and is co-funded through the European Return Fund of the European Commission and the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior.
Towards Global EU-action Against Trafficking in Human Beings
The Swedish Ministry of Justice in cooperation with IOM Vienna implemented the project “Towards Global EU-action Against Trafficking in Human Beings” co-funded by the European Commission, Directorate-General Justice, Freedom and Security, under the “Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme 2008”
In the framework of EU action against trafficking in human beings, this project facilitated the elaboration and adoption of the Council of Ministers of an Action Oriented Paper (AOP) during the Swedish Presidency (July-December 2009). The AOP provides a consolidated framework for the EU (Member States and European Commission) containing an integrated compendium of external actions as well as cooperation measures on countering-trafficking in human beings and addressing the root causes of human trafficking in the countries of origin.
Human Trafficking and Business: Good Practices to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking
The brochure titled “Human Trafficking and Business: Good Practices to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking” was led by UN.GIFT and published in cooperation with IOM, ILO and UNGC. It offers an overview and introduction to human trafficking and the role that business can play in addressing it. It explains what constitutes human trafficking, its relevance to the business sector and how businesses can combat this crime. The brochure contains a series of case studies that illustrate various measures employers can take to address human trafficking.
To download the brochure please click here
Resource Book for Law Enforcement Officers on Good Practices in Combating Child Trafficking
Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior and IOM Vienna, Austria, March 2006, 218 pages. The Resource Book presents current good practices and recommendations, recognized by an international team of experts having extensive knowledge on the topic. The publication further includes innovative techniques and practical information based on inputs from national and international experts from law enforcement, medical science and civil society. Having briefly introduced the legal background on the area of combating child trafficking, the Resource Book elaborates good practices on: Age assessment/Identification of the child; Investigative methods; Interviewing techniques; and Cooperation between law enforcement authorities and NGOs/social service providers.
The Resource Book is the result of the project "Comprehensive Training for Law Enforcement Authorities Responsible for Trafficking in Children/Minors" implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Vienna on behalf of the Austrian Federal Ministry of the Interior and supported by the 2005 AGIS Programme of the European Union - Directorate General Justice Freedom and Security.
To download the Resource Book, please click here
Guiding Principles on Memoranda of Understanding between Key Stakeholders and Law Enforcement Agencies on Counter-Trafficking Cooperation
One of the main objectives of the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) is to prosecute the criminals involved while protecting the rights and well-being of the trafficked persons. In order to achieve this goal, effective cooperation between different law enforcement agencies as well as cooperation between those agencies.
The “Guiding Principles on Memoranda of Understanding between Key Stakeholders and Law Enforcement Agencies on Counter-Trafficking Cooperation” are intended to be a practical tool for counter-trafficking experts from law enforcement agencies to specialized service providers, NGOs, trade unions, the judiciary, the prosecution services, faith-based organizations, etc., on how to build Memoranda of Understanding on cooperation between those institutions.
Guidelines for the Collection of Data on Trafficking in Human Beings including Comparable Indicators
Without statistics, it is not only impossible to measure the magnitude of human trafficking, it is also difficult to foresee the appropriate policies, operational and legislative responses and efficient implementation of initiatives. Insufficient data and a lack of comparable analyses that are reliable and up-to-date hamper the efforts of almost every agency dealing with trafficking, its victims and perpetrators. Such a challenge contravenes the efforts of policy-makers and other practitioners to respond effectively in assisting and protecting victims, preventing and combating trafficking and monitoring and verifying the implementation of national laws, international protocols and conventions.
A serious effort in fighting human trafficking at the European Union level requires a clear understanding of current trends with regards to victims, traffickers, their modus operandi, travel routes and different forms of human trafficking (i.e. commercial sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, organ trafficking, child trafficking, trafficking for forced marriage and internal trafficking).